Sun Yat-Sen (Biographies Historiques) (French Edition)

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These courses were profitable to him since he left this school with the Grand Prix of Rome for his work "David against Goliath". He could then enter the Villa Medici, but it must be known that at that time Paul Landowski was an energetic young man who indulged in boxing.

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This purely personal passion made him perform two important works: "The Pugilist", as well as the "Fallen Boxer". Paul Landowski entered the Villa Medici for the next four years. Some of these works are Maghreb subjects, it is due to the few trips that he made during those years, especially in Tunisia, then in ancient Italy which was a source of rational inspiration. During this period his sculptures were of a rather classical style.

They are characterized by the quality of the representation of the movement and the realism that emerges from it. But these sculptures were small, and he already imagined a much larger work. He imagined a temple. It is Paul Valery who will give it a name: The temple of man. The temple of man was, in his mind, an artistic place magnifying the people, the sculptures to be installed there had to be related to the greatness of the main idea, that of humanity in the broad sense.

The way was then free to move on to the concrete realization of the temple of man. It was during these years that his celebrity was born thanks to the delivery, in , of "To the artists whose name was lost", a sculpture that will be installed under the dome of the Pantheon. He then worked on various projects while putting his hand at his temple of man.

Biography of Paul Landowski

He wanted it to be a kind of story told by man on Earth, from antiquity to the nineteenth century. His "Sons of Cain" were, in all logic, to be found in the forecourt of the temple. They were inspired by three young Tunisians met during the journey on the spot, marching "fraternally united, without any sentimentality". Then came the first world war. Paul Landowski is called to the banners and acts as a soldier in the fighting. He comes back alive and decorated with the cross of war. It is probably the encounter of his trade and his military experience that pushed him in this direction, all cemented to the concepts of humanism to which he has always adhered.

Still, he built a whole series of monuments to the dead, the greater part in a sober style. These works are not all of great successes, some are of a quality little in accordance with what will be able to do the artist thereafter. But they are for him a source of inspiration through which he highlights themes such as heroism especially on the two monuments he made in North Africa , the advance of humanity or the mother tie -child.

It was also at this time that Landoski realized some of these outstanding works: the "three allegories in stone" destined for the Piratini palace, in Porto Alegre Brazil , the "Bedouin with the jug", the Hymn to the 'aurora', which was supposed to be placed in the temple of man, then many busts, funerary stones, and always monuments to the dead public commissions.

He was commissioned 8 years later, April 30, This distinction is part of his vision of the greatness of the human being and he then tackles an underlying theme until then in his works: The exploit through different disciplines. In he installed a monument to the glory of Wilbur Wright and the forerunners of aviation , sport inspired him, he applied his own sport, boxing, and realized a beautiful sculpture entitled simply " The boxer "that he presents at the 9th Olympic Games of art of Amsterdam.

He won the gold medal in the sculpture category. In the same theme follow the "Fallen Boxer", and the "Pugilist" which combines a real character and an antique style. Then in the Swedish Tourist Board asked him to sculpt the international ski cup, Landowski curiously chose to represent Herakles and the doe with brazen feet. The four walls were supposed to receive the monumental statues of 8 meters high centered on the 4 Prometheus themes, religion, legends and hymns. Each of these walls was to receive bas reliefs in connection with the theme: Christ crucified , Prometheus chained, the Hindu Vedas of the " Hymn to the dawn, the Canticle of the creatures of Saint Francis, etc.


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The temple of man must be a place of meditation and meditation. It had to be public, containing exhibition rooms, conference rooms, a library, a cinema. The buildings were designed with international architects: Taillens, Bigot and Laprade. Thus begins its directorial period. He left his post in and took charge of the School of Fine Arts in the wake of which he tries to direct the teaching towards the social role of the artistic field. He also experimented with his students the teaching of simultaneous arts, architecture, sculpture and painting, where previously each art was separated.

He believes that sculpting without taking into account the precepts of painting or, worse, architecture and heresy. Only the synthesis of the 3 arts allows the artist to flourish and the success of artistic projects. Landowski is also continuing his work. If his temple of the man is constantly modified, it responds to orders from the city of Paris: the "statue of Montaigne", put street of the Schools , the bas reliefs of the Fountains of the gate of Saint Cloud, the tomb of Marshal Foch are all works of Landowski.

It is gradually gaining an international reputation. In he had worked for China. In it was Brazil who presented himself to him in the person of da Silva Costa who asked him to carve his Christ Redeemer who was to be placed at the top of the Corcovado , a hill dominating Rio. It is undoubtedly his most famous work, but it is also originality in that he made the clay statue in several rooms, since it is a monumental statue and sent it to the Brazil where they were reproduced in concrete.

Paul Landoswki is the author of a statue he has never seen since he never set foot in this country! It was a German tour with the Nazi authorities, which had invited many European artists to collaborate intellectually with Germany. Considered suspect, the participants of this trip were worried during the purge process made at the liberation, suspected of collaborating with the enemy.

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But they were laundered, succeeding in proving that the purpose of such a journey was more to obtain the liberation of the students of the School of Fine Arts and to try to limit the German intervention in the artistic field than to really collaborate to the Goebbels project to bring about a new Europe. At the end of the war Paul Landowski will continue his project of the temple of man, but without succeeding in making it realize.

He will have to abandon his idea definitively and his works already realized will remain in the places that already welcomed them. Thus the "Sons of Cain" are always visible in the garden of the Tuileries. It was part of the Wall of Hymns.

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He will also scuplage a "Michelangelo" 3 meters high and giving an impression of will, a "Fall of Icarus", the "four Cambodian dancers". This sculpture echoes the monuments to the dead of the s, a period during which he put forward the link between a mother and her child. This "eternal return" takes up this theme which then appears a bit like a testamentary work. Paul Landowski is from a Polish family by his father and French by his mother. He is the grandson of Henri Vieuxtemps, composer and violinist.

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He got married twice. The family has been in the artistic field for several generations. Here is a list of works by Paul Landowski, mostly sculptures.

Early life and influences

This list is not exhaustive but almost. According to this man, some of these sculptures are grandiose, others modest, but all tend towards a humanism which he has sought to reproduce, in relation to the idea of his time that an artist owes himself to have a social role. Click on the titles for a description and sometimes a photo of the sculptures that Paul Landowski did in the year indicated. This David against Goliath is the first recorded work of Landowski. It is a patinated plaster depicting the legendary fight between the giant Goliath and the man David.

It is this statue that made him get the Grand Prix of Rome. It is kept in the museum of the 30s, in Boulogne-Billancourt. She represents a woman and 2 peacocks placed on both sides. It is a representation in bronze and cast iron. This is another modest sculpture of Landowski, it is 40cm high and 14 wide. It is cast iron and bronze and is currently in the Landowski Museum. It is a direct result of the artist's trip to Tunisia during his studies.

It is a small sculpture expressing the progress in life despite the difficulties. It is exhibited in the museum of the 30s, in Boulogne-Billancourt. It is about a work inspired by the trip in Tunisia that makes the artist. He shows a man holding in his hands two groups of four snakes.

The sculpture is in bronze. It is characterized by the quality of its impression of movements and that it is a little more stylized than the others, nevertheless of the same period. We see Jabel, the shepherd with a skull of cattle walking, Jubal, the poet, on his right, and Tubalcain, the blacksmith, on his left. It is made of bronze and is nowadays in the Jardin des Tuileries in Paris.

It is visible at the Museum of the Thirties, in Boulogne-Billancourt. The photo opposite is a bronze reproduction. This woman's head seems to be more of a study than a work in itself. It must be a part of the hymn at dawn, on the wall of Hymns, in his temple of man. It does not exist nowadays.

Industry and Agriculture is composed of two statues arranged on either side of the entrance to the courtyard of the Piratini Government Palace in Porto Alegre, Brazil. This statue pays tribute to Joseph-Marie Jacquard, the inventor of a modern loom. We can see place Jacquard in Saint-Etienne. The final version of this statue is in stone, it was installed in the Pantheon in It followed a first version in plaster which was slightly different. This is a large statue that has been successful.


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